Skip to Content

Discover How Many Types of Grass Are Out There Full Guide of 2023

This site is supported by our readers. We may earn a commission, at no cost to you, if you purchase through links.

You may be surprised to hear that there are actually many different types of grass out there. From cool-season grasses like bluegrass and fine fescue, to warm-season varieties such as bermudagrass and zoysiagrass, the range of options is vast.

When choosing a type of grass for your lawn or landscape, it’s important to consider factors like climate, soil type, and yard conditions before making a decision.

Key Takeaways

how many different types of grass are there

  • There are both cool-season and warm-season varieties of grass, with popular types including Bermuda, St. Augustine, Zoysiagrass, and Bluegrass.
  • Each type of grass has unique characteristics such as shade tolerance or drought resistance, and understanding these growth habits is important for selecting a suitable variety.
  • Factors like climate, soil type, and yard conditions should be considered when choosing a type of grass, and consulting with a local landscaper or soil analysis can provide valuable insight.
  • Providing enough nutrients and water is important for healthy turfgrass, and low maintenance may not always be better.

Warm Season Grasses

Warm Season Grasses
You may be surprised to learn that there are many types of warm season grasses. Bermudagrass, St. Augustine/Floratam, Zoysiagrass, and Centipedegrass are all popular varieties used around the world for turfgrass applications in warm climates.

Each type has its own unique characteristics, such as shade tolerance or drought resistance, which make them ideal choices for different situations and regions depending on your needs.


Bermudagrass is a high-maintenance grass that requires plenty of care and attention, but its deep green color can create an exquisite lawnscape for your home. However, its disease control needs are higher than other warm-season grasses, such as Kentucky Bluegrass or Fine Fescue, and it has lower shade tolerance.

Maintenance tips include frequent fertilization and watering to promote growth. However, its water usage should be closely monitored to prevent over-watering. Additionally, it’s important to note that Bermudagrass may require more mowing than other types of turfgrasses due to the thick turf it produces when properly maintained.

To ensure success with this type of grass, take into account all necessary maintenance requirements, including fertilization schedules, irrigation practices, disease control methods, and overall landscape design characteristics before making the decision on which type of turfgrass is best suited for you!

St. Augustine/Floratam

Experience the elegance of St. Augustine and Floratam grass for your lawn. These two warm-weather turfgrasses boast a robust green hue and can withstand hot, arid climates. Both belong to the fescue family but require different maintenance levels. Soil testing is recommended before planting to ensure optimal growth in warmer regions.

St. Augustine Floratam
Climate Impact: Thrives in warm, humid conditions with plenty of moisture. Requires lots of water and air temperature above 60°F.
Grass Types: Broad-bladed grass variety with moderate tolerance to shade. Coarse-textured grass type with excellent drought resistance capabilities when established properly.
Planting Tips: Plant plugs or sods during late spring or early summer months for best results (avoid winter season). Requires frequent watering until roots are established (4-6 weeks) Best time for seeding is from April through August while ensuring consistency in soil moisture level throughout germination period.


Zoysia is a hardy, slow-growing grass variety that offers thick turf with low maintenance – perfect for lawns that can’t handle the fuss of frequent watering and fertilization. Mowing heights should be kept at around 2 to 3 inches, while using fertilizers regularly helps maintain its rich green color.

It’s also relatively shade tolerant and resistant to diseases when watered properly.


Centipedegrass is a great choice for lawns that don’t require too much upkeep, as it’s known to spread quickly above ground through stolons and requires little mowing or fertilizer. This type of grass is best suited for the central states, where sun exposure and watering needs are moderate.

It has become a staple of northern golf courses due to its low mowing height requirement. Centipedegrass also has fewer fertilization requirements than other common types; however, disease prevention should still be taken into consideration when planting this popular grass variety.

Cool Season Grasses

Cool Season Grasses
You may be aware of the different types of grass that grow in cool season climates, such as bluegrass, fine fescue, perennial ryegrass, and tall fescue. Each type has its own unique characteristics. For example, bluegrass is a hard-wearing, low-maintenance turf grass that can tolerate both sun and shade, while fine fescue requires less mowing than other cool-season varieties.

Perennial rye provides an attractive appearance with deep green blades but needs regular fertilization to stay healthy. Tall fescue makes for an ideal lawn choice due to its resistance to heat stress.

Understanding how each type of grass grows best will help you make educated decisions when selecting a suitable variety for your landscape or garden project.


If you’re looking for a deep green color and excellent texture in your lawn, look no further than Kentucky bluegrass – the most popular grass variety for northern homes. It can tolerate cooler climates and is easy to spot in lawns due to its soft texture.

When choosing grass types, it’s important to consider climate, soil type (USDA’s Web Soil Survey), and yard conditions, and select the best fit with low maintenance needs. Popular varieties include Bermuda, Floratam, Centipede, Zoysia, Bluegrass, Fine fescue, Perennial ryegrass, and Tall fescue.

Fine Fescue

Experience the fine texture and shade tolerance of Fine Fescue, perfect for cool-season lawns in northern regions. A collective term for various species, it can withstand heavy foot traffic and cooler climates while maintaining its saturated color.

It is disease-prone but requires less mowing and fertilization than other grass varieties to stay healthy. Different species offer different textures, and their fast growth makes them a great choice for those seeking a lush green carpet with minimal maintenance needs.

Perennial Ryegrass

You’ll spot Perennial Ryegrass in northern lawns. Its fast growth creates a vibrant green carpet with minimal effort. This grass species is often mixed with other types of grasses to better suit the climate and soil conditions.

It’s tolerant of shade but not warm climates, needing frequent fertilization and watering for best results. Mowing height should be kept at 2-3 inches due to low growth potential. Golf courses tend to keep it even shorter than that! Although this type requires more maintenance than others, it offers great rewards when cared for properly.

Tall Fescue

You can count on Tall Fescue to form a thick turf of lush green, even under heavy use and cooler temperatures. It is one of the most common types of grass options for cold weather areas. Seeding tips, maintenance strategies, fertilizing techniques, and watering frequency are key factors in successfully growing this distinct grass species during its growing season.

Mowing height should be kept at about two to three inches for the best results with tall fescue lawns.

Other Grass Types

Other Grass Types
You may be surprised to learn that there are actually numerous types of grass in the world. Two common varieties are Bentgrass and Dichondra, both of which have distinct characteristics and uses.

Bentgrass is a cool-season turf grass used most often on golf courses due to its ability to stand up well under high traffic areas. On the other hand, Dichondra is more commonly found in lawns as it doesn’t tolerate foot traffic very well but can withstand drought conditions better than many other species.

These two examples highlight just some of the various types of grass available today, making for an interesting discussion about their diverse features and applications!


Bentgrass is a high-maintenance grass often seen on golf courses across the Northern U.S. It has a dense turf and fine-textured feel that can be mowed as low as 1/10 of an inch. The organic fertilization and soil moisture needs for bentgrass are quite specific in order to maintain its mat-like turf without damage from pests or diseases.

Bentgrass also requires more frequent mowing than other types of grasses, but it will still require protection from too much shade if planted in residential homes or athletic fields due to its lower plant hardiness when compared to warm season varieties like Bermudagrass, which is better suited for warmer climates.

Proper maintenance is essential for this type of grass, which includes keeping up with regular watering and organic fertilization schedules, plus making sure the lawn isn’t exposed to extreme weather conditions such as prolonged periods of drought or heavy rainfall that may affect the aesthetics or growth rate negatively over time.


Dichondra grass is like a delicate flower, requiring constant fertilization and attention to ward off pests and diseases. Its fine textures make it an attractive common choice for northern Minnesota, North Central states, or other arid regions.

Planting tips include keeping the soil moist until the plant establishes a root system, mowing at least twice per year, using high-nitrogen fertilizer regularly, and focusing on disease prevention through a regular watering schedule.

Insect control can also be achieved by adding insecticides during springtime before new growth appears.

Maintenance of Dichondra requires frequent fertilization as well as careful monitoring of moisture levels in order to keep it looking its best all season long.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Grass

Factors to Consider When Choosing Grass
When considering the type of grass to choose for your yard, there are many factors to consider. Climate is an important factor, as some types of grass do better in warmer climates, while other varieties grow best in cooler regions.

The soil composition also plays a role – sandy soils require different types than clay-based ones.

Additionally, it’s important to take into account existing conditions such as water drainage or shade patterns from nearby trees when selecting the right kind of grass for you. Consulting with a local landscaper can also provide valuable insight on which variety will be most suitable given all these factors taken together.


With the right climate and soil conditions, you can find a grass type suitable for your lawn needs. Climate factors, soil types, and yard conditions need to be taken into account when selecting the best grass type for your lawn.

Consulting with local landscapers is also a good idea as they are familiar with different types of grass that suit particular areas.

To get maximum benefit from their expertise, it’s important to understand which species will work in specific climates or soils before considering mixtures of different types of grasses used in today’s modern lawns.


Investigating your soil type is crucial for selecting the ideal grass to thrive in your lawn. Take a closer look and find out what lies beneath! Consider water conservation, fertilization techniques, pest control, and soil testing when assessing the best options.

Different types of grass are suited to different climates, soils, or yards. Research ahead of time so you can make an informed decision about which variety will work best. Knowing how much light each area receives will help too. Test areas that get more direct sunlight or shade than others, as these conditions can affect certain varieties like Kentucky bluegrass.

Fertilizer may be necessary depending on results from tests performed prior to planting any new grass types.

Yard Conditions

Take a closer look at your yard conditions to determine the best grass for your lawn. Consider organic fertilizers, watering practices, soil preparation, mowing techniques, and weed control. Make sure you’re providing enough nutrients and water to help grow healthy turfgrass.

Research the types of grass that can withstand extreme weather conditions in each season; some prefer more shade or heat than others do.

Consulting With a Local Landscaper

Get expert advice on grass selection by consulting with a local landscaper. They can provide insight into climate factors, soil types, watering requirements, and fertilization needs specific to your area.

Use the table below as a visual guide for common grass types and their characteristics.

Grass Type Characteristics
Kentucky Bluegrass Deep green color; excellent texture; grows well from seed
Tall Fescue Bunchgrass used in athletic fields; tolerates heat and heavy foot traffic
Ryegrass Easy to spot in lawn but primarily found in cool-season areas
Fine Fescue Mixture of species that is very fine textured & shade tolerant; does not tolerate heat or dry conditions

Remember that selecting the right type of grass depends on various factors unique to your yard’s conditions. A local landscaper can help you make an informed decision based on what will work best for you.

Characteristics of Popular Grass Types
You may have heard of some types of grass, such as Kentucky Bluegrass, Tall Fescue, Ryegrass, or Fine Fescue. But there are many more varieties out there that you can choose from for your lawn.

Bentgrass and Bermudagrass are two examples. The former is a cool-season turf, while the latter thrives in warm climates. St. Augustine Grass is versatile and often used in high traffic areas due to its thick blades, while Zoysiagrass gives off an elegant appeal with its delicate texture and tight growth pattern.

Last but not least is Centipedegrass, which has been gaining popularity lately due to its low maintenance requirements.

Kentucky Bluegrass

Experience the lush, deep green color and excellent texture of Kentucky bluegrass in your lawn. Planting techniques: Seed or sod. Water requirements: Regularly during dry spells. Fertilization needs: Every 6-8 weeks in spring and fall; less often in summer and winter.

Tall Fescue

Discover the hardy, slow-growing nature of tall fescue in your lawn – a bunchgrass commonly used on athletic fields that can easily stand up to heavy use and cooler temperatures. It has good mowing height tolerance, deep shade resistance, heat endurance, and moderate water requirements.


Feel the soft blades of ryegrass beneath your feet as you walk through your lawn – a common grass in cool-season areas that quickly grows from seed, creating an easily identifiable spot in the landscape.

It is important to consider mowing tips, fertilizing strategies, and selecting proper seed for ryegrass when establishing or maintaining it. Additionally, its shade tolerance should be taken into account, as well as prevention of over-watering.

Fine Fescue

Take a stroll on fine fescue grass and you’ll be walking on air, as this collective term for various species offers a very soft and delicate texture that’s perfect for shady areas. Fine fescue is shade tolerant but does not tolerate heat or dry conditions well.

Fescue types include creeping red, chewings, hard, sheep, and slender creeping red. Drought tolerance varies by type but overall maintenance requirements are low compared to other grasses. Fescues benefit from regular fertilization in the fall to promote root growth before winter sets in.

Creeping Red Chewings Hard
Rapid Growth Rate (1-10) 5 6 2
Mowing Height (inches) .75 – 3 .5 – 2 _

Slender Creeping Red

Disease Resistance: High
Texture: Very Fine
Mowing Height (inches): .25 – .75


  • Apply fertilizer during Fall months.
  • Mow high with sharp blades.
  • Water deeply infrequently versus shallowly frequently.

Fine fescue varieties provide an excellent solution when looking for turfgrass suitable under dense tree canopies or shaded lawns where bluegrass would struggle to thrive while also offering drought tolerance capabilities depending on the specific type of fine fescue you choose without sacrificing quality appearance-wise.

However, it is important to remember they do require care tips unique unto themselves such as applying fertilizer during appropriate times throughout the year like late summer/early fall, which helps prepare them properly prior to harsher seasonal weather changes arriving come winter time.


Experience the dense, fine-textured feel of Bentgrass in your yard – perfect for golf courses and those low mowing heights. Bentgrass care requires frequent watering and fertilizer to maintain its deep green color.

Mowing should be done at a height between 1/10th-1/4 inch with sharp blades for best results.


You can enjoy the thick turf and low maintenance of Bermudagrass in your yard – an ideal choice for Southern golf courses. It grows best with plenty of sun but has moderate shade tolerance. Water needs are high, as is its mowing height requirement (can be mowed as low as 1/10).

Maintenance demands are also high; frequent fertilization and watering are necessary to keep it healthy.

St. Augustine Grass

Discover the lush, broad blades of St. Augustine grass in your yard – perfect for warm and arid regions! This grass type is ideal for lawn care with minimal maintenance needs and fertilization requirements.

It thrives in soil conditions that are hot and dry, and its thick turf provides a deep green color to any landscape. St. Augustine grass can tolerate low mowing heights, making it an ideal choice for many homeowners.


Feel the soft, stiff leaf blades of Zoysiagrass beneath your feet and take in its slow-growing beauty! Planting this grass type requires careful preparation. Mowing should be done infrequently to maintain a lush lawn. Fertilizing is necessary for optimal growth, as is controlling weeds with regular watering.


Saunter onto a lush lawn of Centipedegrass and experience its thick turf that will make you feel like royalty! This warm-season grass requires less mowing and fertilizer, and spreads via stolons.

Its special features:

  • Grass Care – low maintenance option
  • Soil Types – grows well in certain soil types
  • Climate Zones – thrives in warmer regions

It’s important to consider climate zones, fertilization needs, and watering requirements for successful centipede grass growth.

Additional Information

There is a wide variety of grass types that can be used for landscaping purposes. Selecting the right type of grass involves considering factors such as seasonal affinity, texture, color, and maintenance requirements to ensure it grows well in its intended location.

Additionally, some varieties may not do well in certain climates, so it’s important to research which ones will thrive in your area before planting them. Understanding these details about each kind of grass will help you make an informed decision when choosing one for your yard or garden project.

Mixture of Grass Varieties

Mixing various grass varieties can create a unique and beautiful landscape – one tailored to your climate, soil type, and yard conditions. A mixture of cool season and warm season grasses offers the best of both worlds.

However, lawn care basics like proper soil requirements, watering strategies, fertilizing practices, and pest control tactics must still be considered for optimal results.

A variety of different types of grass in one lawn creates an interesting aesthetic that is also functional. But it’s important to know each variety’s strengths when establishing a mixed-grass area. Be aware that some species may require more water or sunlight than others; consider rotating fertilizer applications between varieties as well for balanced nutrition throughout the growing season without overfeeding any particular strain.

Cool Season Grass Warm Season Grass
Bluegrass (northern lawns) Bermuda grass (southern states)
Fine fescue (shade tolerant) Centipede grass (low maintenance)
Ryegrass (fast growth) Zoysia (hearty, tough)

Choosing the Right Grass

Choosing the Correct Grass

Choosing the correct grass for your yard can help ensure a lush, low-maintenance lawn that lasts for years. When selecting which grass is right for you, consider the climate, soil type, and conditions.

  • Using Lawn Mixtures
  • Grass Maintenance
  • Adaptability & Cost Factors

A local landscaper or soil analysis will provide further insight into what works best in your area.

Seasonal Affinity, Texture, Color, and Maintenance Requirements

You’ll need to consider the seasonal affinity, texture, color, and maintenance requirements of the grass you select to create a thriving lawn. Climate considerations are important when selecting seed varieties for your region.

Warm-season grasses do best in Southwestern states, while cool-season types prefer Northeast and Pacific Northwest areas. Fertilizing tips should be followed closely depending on soil type, as some require more frequent fertilization than others – Dichondra being an example.

Grass Types That Do Not Grow Well in Certain Conditions

Be mindful of how some grass varieties may not thrive in certain conditions. Kentucky bluegrass can’t handle deep shade, while fine fescue is prone to heat and dryness. Achieving balance through proper care and soil conditions requires an understanding of the climate’s effects on resource costs.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the best type of grass for my yard?

The best type of grass for your yard depends on climate, soil, and other conditions.

How often should I mow my lawn?

Mow your lawn regularly, aiming for a height of 2-3 inches. Use figurative language to describe the task – think of it as giving your lawn a haircut! Choose mowing heights and frequencies depending on the type of grass in your yard; some require higher maintenance than others.

What are the differences between warm season and cool season grasses?

Warm season grasses thrive in hot, humid climates, while cool season varieties do better in cooler temperatures and shady areas. Both require varying levels of maintenance, such as mowing, fertilizing, and watering.

What is the ideal soil type for growing grass?

The ideal soil type for growing grass depends on the type of grass. Sandy, loamy, and clay soils are all viable options. Warm-season varieties prefer well-drained or dry climates, while cool-season types thrive in moist environments.

How do I get rid of weeds in my lawn?

Maintain your lawn regularly to prevent weeds. Use pre-emergent weed control and mow regularly at the right height for your grass type. Pull out any existing weeds by hand or use herbicides carefully to avoid killing beneficial grasses.


Wrapping up, there are many types of grass available for lawns, all of which have their own unique characteristics and maintenance requirements. Depending on your climate, soil, and yard conditions, it’s important to choose the grass that’s best suited for your needs.

Like the pieces of a puzzle, each grass type has a role to play in creating the perfect lawn for your home. With a little bit of research and forethought, you can create a lush, green oasis that you can enjoy for years to come, like a calm haven in the eye of a storm.

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is a published author and software engineer and agriculture expert from the US. To date, he has helped thousands of people make their yards lush and thick.