Skip to Content

Get Lush, Green Bermuda Lawn: Tips to Mow, Water & Fertilize (2023)

This site is supported by our readers. We may earn a commission, at no cost to you, if you purchase through links.

Having a lush and green Bermuda grass lawn is something that many homeowners strive for. It can be difficult to achieve, however, if you don’t know the right techniques. Luckily, I’m here to help! In this article, I’ll tell you all about how to make sure your Bermuda grass stays thick and healthy all year long with just a little bit of effort on your part.

From proper mowing techniques and fertilizing schedules to pest control tips- it’s easier than you think! So read on and get ready for some serious lawn envy from your neighbors in no time at all!

Tips for a Thick and Healthy Bermuda Grass Lawn

how to make bermuda grass greenI’m an avid gardener and have been trying to get my Bermuda grass lawn looking its best. To achieve this, I’ve learned a few key tips for mowing, watering, fertilizing, weed control and sunlight/pest control that are essential for thickening up the turf.


Mowing your lawn regularly and at the correct height is key to keeping it healthy and verdant. Picture a lush, green ocean of Bermuda grass – it’s an image that will make you feel proud! When mowing, aim for 1-1.

5 in (2.5-3.8 cm) as this leads to denser growth and helps avoid fungal diseases from spreading too quickly across the lawn due to close contact with other types of grasses such as annual ryegrass which could be overseeded on top of existing turf for added protection against weeds or irrigation systems malfunctioning during drought periods.

Be sure not to remove more than 1/3 of the plant’s height each time you mow so that it can stay resilient over longer periods without needing additional care from weed control treatments or extra watering sessions apart from those done twice weekly in 30 minute intervals when extreme weather conditions occur like high heat or dryness spells making their presence felt during summer months.


Deep and infrequent watering is essential to keep Bermuda grass healthy, thus it’s important to wet the soil up to 6 in (15 cm) and use a soil probe for proper moisture levels before deciding when or if additional water is needed.

  • Water deeply but not too often- this will help with drainage of excess water from rain or irrigation.
  • Monitor the forecast- if there’s going to be heavy rainfall, hold off on watering until after the storm has passed.
  • Test your soil pH levels – an acidic environment encourages pests which can damage Bermuda grass so make sure you test regularly and adjust accordingly with lime drops or sulfur granules as necessary.

Sun exposure is also very important for keeping Bermuda grass green; try pruning trees around perimeter of turf bed to allow more sunlight through during winter months when light tends be more scarce due its angle relative position in sky vs summer months where sun exposure won’t necessarily be a problem at all times day/night hours wise depending upon location relative latitude & longitude coordinates globally speaking per se etcetera ad infinitum et cetera.

  1. NPK ratio fertilizer 15–5–10 21–7–14
  2. 5 — 1 lb nitrogen 1000 sq ft each time divisible 50 first number bag getting desired amount. Finally, deep yet careful hydration combined w strategic overseeding & appropriate fertilization maintenance keeps bermuda lush vibrant throughout warmer drier periods usually April October yada yada yadda…


Applying the right NPK ratio fertilizer on a regular basis is key to having a lush, green Bermuda grass lawn. To ensure that I am making the most of my fertilizing efforts, I like to kick things off by taking an old-school soil test to determine just how much nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK) my turf needs.

  1. 5 – 1 lb (0.23 – 045 kg) of nitrogen per 1000 sq ft every month in order keep its color vibrant and healthy looking throughout those months–dividing 50 by the first number on any given fertilizer bag will give you an idea as how much you need apply accordingly. Additionally if there are weeds present or other pesky pests , it pays off big dividends when pre-emergent herbicide is applied mid February/early March followed up post emergent application around May along with light overseeding using annual ryegrass while core aerating plus watering lightly 2-3 times daily over 7 – 10 days can all help maintain deep root health which translates into stronger blades too !

Lastly don’t forget proper sun exposure especially pruning trees round perimeter so more sunlight hits ground resulting in even better overall results

Weed Control

Applying pre- and post-emergent herbicides, along with overseeding and core aerating, can help control weeds while also promoting healthy root growth for a lush lawn. Pre-emergent herbicide should be applied in mid to late February or early March before the weed seeds germinate.

This will prevent new weeds from sprouting up in your yard during the growing season. Post-emergent herbicide should then be applied after May when temperatures are between 60–80°F (16–27 °C). Additionally, mulch application coupled with regular raking helps keep moisture at an optimum level which is necessary for healthy grass growth without inviting too many weeds into your turf.

Sunlight and Pest Control

Providing adequate sunlight and controlling pests are essential for sustaining a healthy lawn; pre-pruning trees around the perimeter of turf to allow more light, followed by fungicide spraying at optimal temperatures can help keep Bermuda grass thriving.

We may not be able to control our environment all the time, but we can take steps to ensure that it is optimized for success. Overseeding with annual ryegrass in combination with proper aeration will encourage thick growth while keeping weeds under control.

Applying a fungicide when soil ph and temperature levels reach their peak will also prevent any unwanted infestations from taking over your yard.

Water Regularly

Watering deeply and infrequently is essential for keeping Bermuda grass healthy, so make sure to wet the soil at least 6 inches below the surface and check with a soil probe to ensure proper hydration.

  • Follow an irrigation schedule that allows water to soak in deep into the roots;
  • Apply pre-emergent herbicide twice a year for weed prevention;
  • Test your soil periodically prior to fertilizing or applying fungicides.

Additionally, it’s important not forget about dormancy care during colder months when Bermuda grass naturally goes dormant. This includes pruning trees around the perimeter of turf for more sunlight exposure as well as aerating compacted areas with a core aerator every few months if necessary.

Finally, be mindful of temperature when using any type of chemical treatments such as fungicides- these products are most effective between 60°F and 80°F (16–27 °C).

Aerating Your Lawn in Early Summer

By aerating your lawn in the early summer months, you can help loosen up compacted soil and create a healthier environment for the roots to thrive. This process helps with soil preparation and allows water, nutrients, oxygen and other essential elements to enter more easily into the root zone of Bermuda grass.

Overseeding is also recommended prior to aeration; this will help thicken your turf while allowing it greater heat tolerance as well as disease prevention. Additionally, pest management should be conducted before starting any kind of aeration or overseeding procedure on Bermuda grass lawns; this will ensure that no further damage is done during or after these processes are completed.

Choose and Use the Correct Fertilizer

Applying the correct fertilizer at the right time is key to ensuring a healthy, lush lawn; doing so will help ensure optimal nutrient uptake and increased greenness. The best way to do this is by utilizing overseeding strategies, paying attention to timing of fertilizer applications relative to the growing season, maintaining proper soil moisture levels, providing adequate sun exposure for optimum growth potential and implementing an effective weed control program.

Overseeding can be done in early spring with annual ryegrass as it does not require turning over of soil like other grasses might. This strategy has proven successful for many homeowners who want thicker turf without having too much work on their hands.

Fertilizer should be applied about three weeks after Bermuda grass begins its green up period in May or June but no later than August when temperatures begin cooling off again.Soil moisture should also remain consistent throughout periods of drought or heavy rain; water deeply once per week instead of multiple times daily during drier months whereas dial back watering if puddles form on topsoil during heavier rains.

Sun exposure requirements must also be considered , as Bermuda grass needs 6-8 hours full sunlight each day ; pruning any trees that are shading these areas may improve overall conditions significantly.

Weed control programs such as pre-emergent herbicides need apply mid-February through March while post emergent treatments between May and September have shown great results when used correctly.

Mowing Correctly

Mowing correctly is essential for achieving a lush, vibrant lawn; it’s important to use the right mower – rotary or reel – and keep the height between 1-1.5 inches throughout the growing season, gradually lowering if needed but avoiding removing more than a third of grass at one time.

When mowing, consider mulching techniques to conserve moisture in your soil and create an even distribution of nutrients across your yard.

  1. 5–1 lb (0.23–045 kg) nitrogen/1000 sq ft each time – divided by 50 from NPK ratio on bag label will give amount required per application
  • Utilize core aeration two times annually as well as overseeding techniques with annual ryegrass every spring before new growth begins
  • Water lightly 2–3 times daily 7–10 days after overseeding

When done properly these activities can help promote healthy root development while improving water retention capacity and air circulation within soil particles resulting in thicker turf that can withstand extreme temperatures better over long periods of time without requiring additional watering or fertilization applications beyond recommendations given heretofore mentioned above for ideal results leading towards having greener bermuda grass all year round!

Checking and Getting the Ph Levels Correct

To ensure that your turf is in optimal condition, it’s important to regularly check and adjust the pH levels of your soil; this can be done by using a soil testing kit or having a professional come inspect the area.

This will help you determine if lime needs to be added for acidity reduction or sulfur for alkalinity increase. When adjusting pH levels, use organic materials like compost over chemical fertilizers whenever possible as they are more earth-friendly and less likely to burn grass blades.

Overseeding with compatible varieties of Bermuda grass seed ensures that patches remain full and thick while also providing additional resistance against diseases and pests. Irrigation strategies should include deep watering rather than frequent shallow watering as deeper roots mean better drought tolerance during dry spells.

Soil amendments such as composting techniques add beneficial bacteria which break down weeds naturally while promoting healthy root systems instead of relying on herbicides which may have an adverse effect on surrounding vegetation when used improperly.

Natural pest control methods include introducing beneficial insects into lawns like predatory mites which feed off common pests such insect larvae, aphids, spider mites etc.

When Does Bermuda Grass Turn Green?

Bermuda grass is like a tightly wound spring, waiting for the warm temperatures of late spring to start its transformation. Once temperatures rise and the sun shines more frequently, Bermuda grass typically greens up in no time.

To keep your lawn looking green and lush throughout summer months, it’s important to overseed with annual ryegrass every year or two– depending on drought damage or nematode infestation – this will help ensure that there are plenty of healthy blades of grass growing at all times.

Additionally, regular fungicide applications can help prevent common fungus problems which often lead to yellow patches in your lawn during hot weather months; pre-emergent herbicides should also be used carefully as they provide an effective method for suppressing weed growth while still allowing desirable grasses such as Bermuda grow freely.

Why is My Bermuda Grass Not Very Green?

Why is My Bermuda Grass Not Very Green?If your lawn isn’t as lush and vibrant green as you’d like, it could be due to a number of factors such as improper mowing, watering or fertilizing. To ensure that Bermuda grass turns green each year and stays healthy throughout the season requires special care.

  • Mowing: Keep the mower blades sharp for a clean cut; only remove 1/3 of the plant height at a time; adjust cutting height depending on weather conditions (1-1.
  • Watering: Water deeply but infrequently
  • aim for 6in down into soil
  • use 30min intervals with sprinklers & avoid wetting roots directly.
  • Fertilizing: Use 3-1-
    1. NPK ratio fertilizer & apply once monthly from May through September,
    2. 5–1lb nitrogen per 1000sq ft each time (divide 50 by first # on bag).
  • Dormant Seeding / Weed Prevention / Soil Amendments / Fungicide Use / Core Aeration : Apply preemergent herbicides in mid February thru March followed by postemergent herbicides in May; overseed with annual ryegrass without turning soil then lightly water 2–3 times daily 7–10 days after seeding; finally core aerate lawn every few months if needed – wait several months if just applied pre emergent herbicide before aerating again!

By following these tips regularly throughout the growing season you can maintain an attractive thick and healthy Bermuda grass lawn all year long!

How to Keep Bermuda Grass Green in Winter

To keep your lawn luscious and green during the winter months, it’s important to prepare for cold weather by fertilizing with a 3-1-2.Water management is also key when winterizing your Bermuda grass; you should periodically water deeply enough to wet the soil 6 inches deep using sprinklers set on 30 minute or 1 hour intervals.

You should also remove any snow as quickly as possible after storms occur since too much snow can damage blades and impede growth.

In Closing

In ClosingTo keep Bermuda grass green through the winter, it’s important to remain mindful of water and sunlight needs as well as utilizing proper techniques for mowing, fertilizing, weed control and pest management.

To ensure a lush lawn come springtime there are several strategies that can be employed: seeding strategies such as overseeding with annual ryegrass to add more grass seed; irrigation maintenance that involves deeply watering the soil in 30-minute or 1-hour intervals; applying fertilizer about 3 weeks after the grass turns green with an NPK ratio like 15-5-10 or 21-7–14 once per month during May – September growing season; providing adequate soil nutrients by doing a soil test before application of any material; using fungicides when temperatures reach 60- 80°F (16 – 27 °C) to prevent fungal growths on your turfgrass ;and implementing pre/post emergent herbicide treatments along with core aeration twice annually for efficient weed prevention.

Taking these steps will help guarantee your Bermuda lawn will stay healthy throughout winter months and into spring.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How much water should I give my Bermuda grass?

When it comes to watering your Bermuda grass, the key is to water deeply and infrequently. Aim for wetting the soil down 6 inches (15 cm) deep with each watering session, using a soil probe to ensure proper hydration.

It’s best to wait until you notice drought stress before watering again. Avoid overwatering as this can create muddy puddles on your lawn; if that happens dial back how much water you’re giving it. In addition, slightly increase mowing height during extreme heat or drought periods up 2 inches (5 cm).

What type of fertilizer should I use for Bermuda grass?

When it comes to fertilizing your Bermuda grass, a 3-1-

  1. NPK ratio fertilizer such as 15-5-10 or 21-7-14 is recommended for best results. Apply this once per month during the growing season (May through September) and spread
  2. 5- 1 lb of nitrogen per 1000 sq ft each time you fertilize; you can divide 50 by the first number on the fertilizer bag to figure out how much product you need for that amount of nitrogen. Improving soil quality with mulch, regular trimming and proper pruning will also help maintain good health in Bermuda grass, while applying lime helps raise pH levels when needed.

How often should I mow my Bermuda grass?

Mowing your Bermuda grass is an important part of keeping it healthy and green. You should mow once a week, to a height of 1-5 inches (5-8 cm). It’s best to use either a rotary or reel mower for this task, and make sure not to remove more than one third of the plant at any given time in order to create denser lawns with less risk of scalping or uneven growth patterns caused by cutting too much off at once.

In addition, when overseeding rates are low due to soil preparation issues or inadequate sunlight exposure you may want consider increasing the fertilizing schedules while also taking into account pest management strategies such as fungicide applications during warmer months temperatures between 60-80°F (16-27°C).

How do I identify fungus and pest infestations on my Bermuda grass?

Identifying fungus and pest infestations on Bermuda grass can help you protect your lawn from further damage. To do so, start by examining the soil moisture levels, as too much or little water can lead to disease.

Additionally, check for sunlight exposure; at least 6 hours of full sun a day are necessary for healthy growth. Finally, test the pH levels in your soil to ensure that it is ideal for Bermudagrass growth (6-

If any of these conditions are not met and visible symptoms such as discoloration or patches appear on your lawn’s blades then there may be an underlying issue with fungus or pests present which should be addressed quickly with fungicide treatments after temperatures reach 60-80 F (16-27 C).

How do I aerate my Bermuda grass lawn?

Aerating your Bermuda grass lawn is a great way to ensure that the soil stays healthy and drains properly, while also helping to remove weeds from the area. To aerate your lawn, use a core aerator which will puncture small holes in the ground for air exchange and water drainage.

You can then overseed with annual ryegrass if desired – this helps promote growth without turning over any of the existing soil. Be sure to do a soil test beforehand so you know exactly what type of insect control or fertilizer you may need before overseeding or fertilizing.


In conclusion, with the right care and maintenance, you can have a thick, healthy and green Bermuda grass lawn in no time. Following these tips will ensure your lawn is lush and green throughout the year.

But remember, even the best efforts may not always result in a perfect lawn- the weather, soil conditions and other factors can play a role.

So, are you ready to take on the challenge of giving your lawn the best possible care? With diligence and patience, you’ll soon be enjoying a lush and green lawn!

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is a published author and software engineer and agriculture expert from the US. To date, he has helped thousands of people make their yards lush and thick.